President Trump on Wednesday vetoed a major defense bill that the House and Senate passed by overwhelming margins, setting the stage for Congress to override his veto for the first time, just weeks before he leaves office.
Trump said he was vetoing the annual National Defense Authorization Act because it does not repeal a 30-year-old rule, known as Section 230, shielding online platforms from liability for statements made by users; he and allies claim Twitter and other platforms censor conservatives, which the companies deny. Trump cited an unspecified threat from foreign disinformation.
“Section 230 facilitates the spread of foreign disinformation online, which is a serious threat to our national security and election integrity,” Trump said in his veto message. “It must be repealed.”
He also opposed allowing the military to rename bases named for Confederate generals and complained that the bill would limit troop withdrawals and movements from Afghanistan and other foreign locations.
The bill’s massive scope, authorizing $741 billion for Pentagon programs and powerful defense contractors’ job-creating projects in virtually every state and congressional district, makes it unlikely that enough Republicans would vote to sustain Trump’s veto and risk delaying the funding into next year.
The Republican-controlled Senate passed the bill by a vote of 84 to 13, while the House approved it, 335 to 78, earlier this month — well above the two-thirds threshold needed in each chamber to override a veto and allow the bill to become law.
Trump’s move prompted a swift call from the Republican chairman of the Armed Services Committee for Congress to override the veto.
“I hope all of my colleagues in Congress will join me in making sure our troops have the resources and equipment they need to defend this nation,” said Sen. James M. Inhofe (R-Okla.), chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee, in a statement minutes after the president’s message.
Trump has issued eight other vetoes, and Congress has failed to override all of them.
Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.), in a rare break with Trump, has strongly backed the defense measure, citing a 3% pay raise it would provide for troops and additional funding for warships, submarines and airplanes that he has said are critical for deterring China.
Georgia’s two Republican senators, David Perdue and Kelly Loeffler, voted for the measure when it passed the Senate. But they could face a difficult choice on whether to back Trump’s veto only two weeks before a runoff election for their Senate seats that could decide which party controls the chamber in the next Congress.
Two of the 10 active bases named for Confederate generals are in Georgia — Fts. Benning and Gordon. But the bill’s military funding is important to the state, which has a large number of active-duty troops, veterans and a major Lockheed plant in the town of Marietta.
In the House, Minority Leader Kevin McCarthy (R-Bakersfield), one of the president’s strongest congressional allies, has said he may support Trump’s veto. But there seems to be little prospect that enough other Republicans will side with the president to uphold it.
The bill “passed with overwhelming, veto-proof support in both the House and Senate, and I remain confident that Congress will override this harmful veto,” Rep. Adam Smith (D-Wash.), chairman of the House Armed Services Committee, said in a statement.
The House has scheduled an override vote for Monday. The Senate will take up the veto override the next day if the House vote is successful.
Top Republicans who worked on the bill, including Rep. Mac Thornberry of Texas, said they made it clear to the White House that they were prepared to override a veto. They had hoped an overwhelming vote in support of the package — and Trump’s risk of embarrassment — would discourage him from making good on his threat.
Sen. Lindsey Graham (R-S.C.), one of Trump’s closest allies, said last week that he would vote to sustain Trump’s veto and backed the president’s effort to get Congress to take action on the social media policies.
“If he wants to have a debate and vote on [social media companies], I think we should do that,” Graham said. “Is that enough to prevent him from doing the veto? I don’t know.”
Some critics speculated that Trump may see picking a losing fight on the bill as a way to stoke grievances among his supporters as he prepares for a possible comeback in 2024. For weeks, he had offered an ever-changing list of reasons for opposing the bill, including that it isn’t tough enough on China.
Trump’s complaint that the bill would require the Pentagon to change the names of U.S. military bases that honor Confederate soldiers — he calls them “National Monuments” in his tweets — reflects his pitch to the many pro-Confederacy sympathizers among his supporters. He has repeatedly claimed that renaming the bases, including Ft. Bragg in North Carolina, would dishonor service members who trained and went overseas from the bases during World War II, dismissing arguments that he instead is honoring rebels who took up arms against the United States in defense of slavery.
“I have been clear in my opposition to politically motivated attempts like this to wash away history and to dishonor the immense progress our country has fought for in realizing our founding principles,” Trump said.
He and other administration officials also complained about a restriction on withdrawing the remaining 2,500 U.S. troops in Afghanistan and from shifting 12,000 service members from Germany to other countries — both Trump priorities as he has sought to end overseas wars and punish allies, notably Germany, for not spending more on their defense.
“Numerous provisions of the Act directly contradict my Administration’s foreign policy, particularly my efforts to bring our troops home,” Trump said in his veto message. “I oppose endless wars, as does the American public.”
Lawmakers on the defense committees from both parties oppose moving troops from Germany and favor keeping a small force in Afghanistan at least through the spring, while peace talks between the Afghan government and the Taliban continue.
There is, however, broader congressional backing for changes to the law that exempts internet companies from liability for most material that users post on their networks. Under Section 230 of the 1996 Communications Decency Act, only a user is liable for posting information that is defamatory or otherwise unlawful speech — not the social media company whose platform it appears on, the app used to share it, or any other third party.
As misinformation proliferated online this year about both the coronavirus and the presidential election — fueled by Trump’s tweets — Facebook and Twitter began labeling his and others’ posts as containing falsehoods and purged inaccurate information about COVID-19 treatments and vaccines, alleged election fraud and other subjects.
Trump has claimed that social media platforms have used their immunity to discriminate against conservative viewpoints and his supporters, though he has failed to provide evidence. Since losing the election, he daily has used social media to spread unsubstantiated claims of voter fraud. Twitter has tagged some of his tweets with the warning, “This claim about election fraud is disputed.”
The idea of amending the liability provision has support from Republicans and even some Democrats, who also accuse social media platforms of spreading misinformation by insufficiently policing it and failing to remove much material. But lawmakers declined to accede to his demand for a repeal provision, fearing it could bog down the measure.
Inhofe said repeal of the provision should be done in a separate bill.
“We can and should use another legislative vehicle to repeal Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act — a priority the president and I share,” he said.