Tropical Storm Elsa Swamps Southeast as It Moves North


Tropical Storm Elsa bashed parts of the southeastern United States early Thursday, dumping heavy rain and spawning reports of tornadoes, a day after it made landfall along Florida’s northern Gulf Coast.

As of 5 a.m. Eastern time, Elsa was about 90 miles west-northwest of Charleston, S.C., and moving northeast at 18 miles per hour, according to the National Hurricane Center.

Rainfall of up to five inches was expected in South Carolina, with isolated totals of up to eight inches, and tornadoes were possible in the Carolinas and southeastern Virginia, the center said.

The storm, with maximum sustained winds of 40 m.p.h., was forecast to weaken as it moved over Georgia and into the Carolinas on Thursday. It was expected to pass near the Mid-Atlantic States by evening and move into the Northeast on Friday.

A tropical storm warning was in effect for areas as far north as Massachusetts.

Overnight there were reports of tornado damage across South Carolina, as residents shared pictures of downed trees and debris scattered across roadways on social media.

Elsa is the fifth named storm of the 2021 Atlantic hurricane season. The first, Ana, formed on May 23, making this year the seventh in a row that a named storm developed in the Atlantic before the official start of the season on June 1.

Last month, Tropical Storm Claudette brought heavy rains, gusting winds and tornadoes to several states across the South, destroying dozens of homes. It was blamed for the deaths of 14 people — 10 of them children — as it moved from the Gulf Coast to the East Coast. Claudette was closely followed by another tropical storm, Danny, which made landfall over South Carolina in late June before dissipating over Georgia.

The links between hurricanes and climate change are becoming more apparent. A warming planet can expect to experience stronger hurricanes over time, and a higher incidence of the most powerful storms — though the overall number of storms may drop, because factors like stronger wind shear might keep weaker storms from forming.

Scientists with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration forecast that there would be 13 to 20 named storms this year, six to 10 of which would be hurricanes, and three to five major hurricanes of Category 3 or higher in the Atlantic. Last year, there were 30 named storms, including six major hurricanes, causing meteorologists to exhaust the alphabet for the second time and move to using Greek letters.

It was the highest number of storms on record, surpassing the 28 storms in 2005, and included the second-highest number of hurricanes on record.

Reporting was contributed by Eric Adelson, Ed Augustin, Johnny Diaz, Jacey Fortin, Isabella Grullón Paz, Mike Ives, Jesus Jiménez, Alyssa Lukpat, Eduardo Medina, Azi Paybarah, Chris Stanford, Derrick Bryson Taylor and Daniel Victor.



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